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Projet: Talk show club de la presse "Urubuga rw'itangazamakuru"

Activité:Summary of weekly radio talk-show « Emission Club de la Presse: "Urubuga rw’Itangazamakuru "


  • IPGL

Early October 2020, Ministry of Local Government (MINALOC) published the revised government social protection scheme (Ubudehe)  which was a result of several citizen’s complaints in 2019 accusing local authorities of ‘being corrupt’ in classification process.

The government said the new categories will be informed by findings to make them more effective.

These categories were in 2014, narrowed down from seven categories to four (classified as 1, 2, 3 and 4


Though named differently (as A, B, C, D and E) the new 2020 Ubudehe categories retained four categories but with a classification based on a family (especially the husband and wife) income per month.

In the published document, the A and B are classified as A- those earning above Rwf600, 000 per month and B- for those earning between Rwf65, 000- Rwf600, 000.

While categories C and D will be considered as the poor of the poor (needy ones) and category E as the elderly and weak ones.


Prior to this, the initial categories had become a basis for every service delivery; giving cows, public works, awarding government scholarships and other vital services in Rwandan community.


These (Ubudehe) new categories have drawn mixed feelings with citizens using social media platforms to say that the new categories are out of touch with reality and have many discrepancies.


Urubuga rw’Itangazamakuru” (Club de la Presse) of this Sunday 18-10-2020 broadcasted in synergy by ten radio stations across the country and a Television (TV Isango star) focused on “Revised government social protection scheme (Ubudehe) categories”





  4. SINABUBARIRAGA Ildephone/Journalist


The debate harshly deepened on the how the income categories were determined with most Rwandans wondering how a family that earns Rwf65, 000 can be in the same classification as the Rwf600, 000 brackets.

DUSENGIYUMVA Samuel, the permanent secretary of MINALOC said the government set up this program as a way of providing direct support, financial, education, medication fees among others to the poor of the poor while the middle-income earners and the rich have to be self-reliant.

 The invitee from Local Administrative Entities Development Agency (LODA) NYINAWAGAGA said that changes have been made on the former ubudehe system following the citizens’ proposals

Despite the new categories Ubudehe 2020 have retained four categories, but with a classification based on the monthly income of a family (especially husband and wife).

 A- those earning over 600,000 Rwf per month and B- for those earning between 65,000 and 600,000 Rwf,  While categories C and D will be considered the poor of the poor (needy) and category E as the elderly and the weak.

Some services, especially university scholarships, were tied to Ubudehe categories, and blamed this poor practices in the categorization and implementation process.

There have been cases where some people with financial means scrambled to be placed in the first and second categories of Ubudehe to be able to benefit from services that were preserved for those who had the least means.

“A Rwandan citizen will now be awarded (government) scholarships based on their grades. The ubudehe category and family status will no longer be considered as before.” she said

For civil society, Nyamzazi asked how the income categories were determined with most Rwandans wondering how a family that earns Rwf65, 000 can be in the same classification as the Rwf600, 000. He said that there is some kind of unfairness.

The Journalist, Sinabubariraga Ildephonse also came back with this question:  “How can you compare a family that earns 65,000Rwf and 590,000Rwf?

Where is their residence, school fees and transport in this city? These should not be comparable household especially if there are support systems designed based on ubudehe!”

How this is compatible category, especially when one’s income is almost ten times the other?” He added

The citizens reacted on this issue via interviews, phone calls and messages saying that these new categories should be revisited with the review of lawmakers and allow more citizen input before the subsequent implementation.

The Ministry of Local Government is yet to shed more light on the categorization. The new categories will only come into force upon approval by the cabinet.






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